How to Cook Best Turkey in Oven

Once you have selected your Thanksgiving and Christmas turkey recipe and selected your bird, it’s time to cook a turkey. If you are using a particular recipe, you can follow the instructions outlined in the directions—but if you are keeping it easy, here are some all-purpose suggestions to successful turkey roasting every time.

Your Roasting Pan

For best output, roast your turkey on a wire rack in an open roasting pan. Because of the turkey’s weight, a sturdy pan with good handles is recommended. Should you decide to use a foil roasting pan, double it for extra strength and take special care when transferring it into and out of the oven. Keep these rules in mind when picking a pan to fit the size of your turkey.

  • Up to 12 pounds: 14″ x 10″ x 2 3/4″ high (small)

  • Up to 16 pounds: 15 3/4″ x 12″ x 3″ high (medium)

  • Up to 20 pounds: 16″ x 13″ x 3″ high (large)

Your Turkey


First, Bring Your Bird to Room Temp

Your turkey will cook more evenly and quicker if you start it out at room temperature so remove the turkey from the refrigerator 1 hour before roasting. If you plan to stuff your turkey, wait until you’re ready to put it in the oven before putting the stuffing in the turkey.

Figure out Your Bird’s Time & Temperature

Creating a loose tent of aluminum foil over your turkey can keep the bird moist and avoid over-browning the skin. If you’re concerned about over-cooking, start roasting the bird with the foil for the first hour, then remove it for the remainder of the cooking time.

For an unstuffed turkey, start with an oven preheated to 400ºF. Here’s the trick: start roasting the bird breast side down for the first 45 minutes, then flip it breast side up and reduce the temperature to 325ºF to finish cooking. Since cooking times depend on the size of the turkey, use these guidelines.

  • 10 to 12 pounds: 2 1/2 to 3 hours
  • 12 to 14 pounds: 2 3/4 to 3 1/4 hours
  • 14 to 16 pounds:  3 to 3 3/4 hours
  • 16 to 18 pounds: 3 1/4 to 4 hours
  • 18 to 20 pounds: 3 1/2 to 4 1/4 hours
  • 20+ pounds: 3 3/4 to 4 1/2 hours

To make sure that a stuffed turkey cooks evenly, roast the bird slowly, breast side up, at 325ºF, covering the breast loosely with foil for the first two-thirds of the roasting time. Using the chart above, add about 30 minutes to the total cooking time for stuffed birds weighing 16 pounds or less, and about 1 hour for birds weighing more than 16 pounds.

Test Your Turkey for Doneness

Turkey breast and thighs must reach different internal temperatures for ideal doneness. The breast should register 165ºF and the thigh, 175ºF. Begin testing for doneness about 30 minutes before the total roasting time is reached.

  • To test the breast: Using an instant-read thermometer, insert it into the meatiest part, several inches above the wings.

  • To test the thigh: Insert the instant-read thermometer away from the bone, alongside the opening of the main cavity underneath the drumstick. This is the meatiest part of the thigh.

The turkey will continue to cook internally after you remove it from the oven, so you may take it out when the thermometer registers 3-4ºF below the minimum temperature. Then cover the bird loosely with aluminium foil. If roasting a stuffed bird, be sure the stuffing reaches 165ºF.